Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular, and there are several types available. Here are some of the most common ones:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are fully electric and do not rely on gasoline. They are powered by a rechargeable battery pack and are considered zero-emission vehicles because they do not produce tailpipe emissions or air pollution.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) use both a gasoline engine and an electric motor to power the vehicle. During regenerative braking, HEVs capture energy that would typically be lost in traditional gas-powered vehicles, repurposing it to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) also have both a gasoline engine and an electric motor, but with a larger battery that can be recharged from the grid. PHEVs can travel on electric power alone for several dozen miles before the gas engine kicks in, and when the electric range is depleted, the vehicle operates as a traditional hybrid and can run on gasoline.